BY THE COURT
1. As a
general rule, appellate review of a district court's
ruling on a motion to suppress must be based solely on the
evidence presented at the suppression hearing.
Warrantless searches by police are considered unreasonable
unless a recognized exception permits them.
automobile exception to the warrant requirement authorizes
the warrantless search of a lawfully stopped vehicle where
there is probable cause to believe the vehicle contains
contraband or evidence of a crime.
Probable cause to search a vehicle exists when the totality
of the circumstances indicates there is a fair probability
that the vehicle contains contraband or evidence of a crime.
scope of a warrantless search of an automobile is defined by
the object of the search and the places in which there is
probable cause to believe that it may be found.
from Barton District Court; Ron Svaty, judge.
Douglas A. Matthews, assistant county attorney, Amy J.
Mellor, county attorney, and Derek Schmidt, attorney general,
A. Beran, of Law Office of Lisa A. Beran, of Great Bend, for
Standridge, P.J., Hill and Buser, JJ.
an interlocutory appeal by the State from an order
suppressing evidence. For the reasons stated below, we
reverse the district court's order and remand for further
on road patrol in the early afternoon of October 4, 2016,
Barton County Sheriff's Deputy Sierra Thorne observed a
black Pontiac Firebird with a Colorado license plate bearing
a 2016 registration sticker. Uncertain as to whether the car
registration had expired, Thorne contacted her dispatcher and
relayed the car's license plate number. After the
dispatcher told her the plate registration had expired,
Thorne activated the emergency lights on her patrol car and
stopped the vehicle. Leaving her patrol car, Thorne
approached Eric Wayne Knight, the driver of the vehicle, and
requested he produce his driver's license and vehicle