United States District Court, D. Kansas
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
MONTI L. BELOT, District Judge.
This case comes before the court on the following motions:
1) Defendant Heritage Homes' motion to vacate the judgment or, in the alternative, for a new trial (Doc. 191), plaintiff's response (Doc. 201) and Heritage Homes' reply (Doc. 204);
2) Defendants Kan-Du Construction and Marty Falconburg's motion for remittitur (Doc. 197), plaintiff's response (Doc. 203) and defendants' reply (Doc. 205);
3) Plaintiff's motion for attorney's fees (Doc. 195), defendants' responses (Docs. 198, 200); and
4) Plaintiff's motion for a new trial (Doc. 202), defendants' responses (Docs. 206, 207) and plaintiff's reply (Doc. 213).
I. Facts and Procedural History
Defendant Heritage Homes (Heritage) builds modular homes in Nebraska. The homes are then sold to distributors which, in turn, enter into a sales contract with the home buyer. Heritage delivers to the buyer's home site and the distributor completes the home by performing the site work. Site work consists of constructing the foundation, garage and porch, and installing siding.
In November 2010, Justin Lockhart, a sales representative for Heritage, met with defendant Marty Falconburg to discuss the possibility of defendant Kan-Du Construction (Kan-Du), a company owned by Falconburg, entering into a distributor agreement with Heritage. Falconburg had several years of construction experience but had not built a traditional or modular home. On January 26, 2011, Kan-Du entered into a distribution agreement with Heritage. The agreement states that Kan-Du is an independent contractor and that Kan-Du is not Heritage's agent.
Only three months later, on May 3, 2011, plaintiff Leona Feldt executed a purchase agreement with Kan-Du for the purchase of a Heritage modular home. Heritage was not a party to the agreement. The agreement was signed by Feldt and witnessed by Lockhart and Cindy Falconburg, Marty Falconburg's wife and an owner of Kan-Du. Lockhart prepared the agreement, including listing out Kan-Du's site work responsibilities and pricing on the second page of the agreement. Over a period of several months, Feldt paid $317, 700 due under the terms of the agreement. Feldt's checks were payable to Kan-Du.
The same day, Kan-Du and Falconburg signed a sales order with Heritage for the construction of Feldt's modular home. Falconburg paid Heritage $183, 000 for the modular home. Heritage constructed the modular portion of the home ordered. After the home was completed by Heritage, it was delivered to Feldt's home site in Hoxie, Kansas. Falconburg performed some of the site work listed in the agreement. Heritage Homes did not perform any of the site work. Kan-Du failed to complete the site work for Feldt. Kan-Du also failed to pay various subcontractors that performed site work.
Plaintiff brought claims against Kan-Du and Falconburg for breach of contract, negligent performance and violation of the Kansas Consumer Protection Act (KCPA). Plaintiff brought claims against Heritage for negligent misrepresentation, affirmative fraud, fraud by silence and violation of the KCPA.
The case was tried to a jury in January 2015. At the close of the evidence, the court granted defendants' motions for judgment as a matter of law on plaintiff's claims of violations of the KCPA. The court also granted Heritage's motion for judgment as a matter of law on plaintiff's claim for punitive damages. The court instructed the jury on the remaining claims. The jury returned a verdict in favor of plaintiff on all claims except plaintiff's claim of affirmative fraud against Heritage. The jury awarded plaintiff damages of $109, 000 against Kan-Du and Falconburg and damages of $185, 000 against Heritage.
Heritage moves to vacate the judgment on the basis that the damages are not supported by the evidence. Kan-Du and Falconburg move for remittitur of the verdict on the basis that the evidence does not support the award of damages on the breach of contract claim. Plaintiff moves for attorney's fees ...