United States District Court, D. Kansas
ERIC M. MUATHE, Plaintiff,
FIFTH THIRD BANK, et al., Defendants.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
J. THOMAS MARTEN, District Judge.
Before the court is pro se plaintiff Eric M. Muathe's Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment Pursuant to Rule 59(e) (Dkt. 49). This action stems from events arising out of the repossession of plaintiff's Mercedes-Benz automobile. The court dismissed the complaint upon motions of defendants. Plaintiff now asks the court to reconsider its dismissal order, reinstate his case, and allow him to amend his complaint. As discussed below, the motion is granted in part.
Plaintiff originally filed a fifty-page complaint involving twenty-two defendants and thirteen formal claims incorporating forty-four alleged violations of the law. Defendants moved to dismiss through four separate motions. (Dkts. 12, 14, 16, 42). Plaintiff included in his response to each motion a single sentence stating: "[p]laintiff requests the court for an opportunity to amend where it deems Plaintiff's Complaint fall [sic] short." (Dkt. 20, at 35; see also Dkts. 21, 22). The court granted defendants' motions, dismissing the complaint for failure to meet the pleading standards of FED. R. CIV. P. 8. (Dkt. 47). Plaintiff now moves the court to alter or amend the judgment, arguing that the court committed clear error resulting in manifest injustice.
II. Legal Standard
A court may reconsider a judgment by altering or amending it upon motion of a party within twenty-eight days of the entry of the judgment. FED. R. CIV. P. 59(e). "The purpose of a Rule 59(e) motion is to correct manifest errors of law or to present newly discovered evidence." Monge v. RG Petro-Mach. (Group) Co. Ltd., 701 F.3d 598, 611 (10th Cir. 2012) (brackets and internal quotation and citation omitted). "Grounds warranting a motion to reconsider include (1) an intervening change in the controlling law, (2) new evidence previously unavailable, and (3) the need to correct clear error or prevent manifest injustice." Servants of the Paraclete v. Does, 204 F.3d 1005, 1012 (10th Cir. 2000). "Thus, a motion for reconsideration is appropriate where the court has misapprehended the facts, a party's position, or the controlling law." Id .; accord United States v. Christy, 739 F.3d 534, 539 (10th Cir. 2014). Reconsideration on grounds of manifest injustice requires a demonstration of injustice that is "apparent to the point of being indisputable." Layne Christensen, Co. v. Bro-Tech Corp., 2011 WL 6934112, at *2 (D. Kan. Dec. 30, 2011) (quotation and citation omitted). However, "[a] motion to reconsider should not be used to revisit issues already addressed or advance arguments that could have been raised earlier." Christy, 739 F.3d at 539 (quoting Servants of Paraclete, 204 F.3d at 1012).
A. Leave to Amend Complaint
The main thrust of plaintiff's manifest injustice argument is that the court failed to grant him leave to amend his complaint. As discussed below, this argument fails to provide grounds for reconsideration.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure plainly state the parameters for amending a pleading:
A party may amend its pleading once as a matter of course within: (A) 21 days of serving it, or (B) if the pleading is one to which a responsive pleading is required, 21 days after service of a responsive pleading or 21 days after service of a motion under Rule 12(b), (e), or (f), whichever is earlier.
FED. R. CIV. P. 15(a)(1). After 21 days, a party may amend the pleading "only with the opposing party's written consent or the court's leave." FED. R. CIV. P. 15(a)(2). Courts should freely grant leave when justice so requires. Id.
Pro se filings are to be liberally construed, but such litigants "must follow the same rules of procedure that govern other litigants." Hall v. Witteman, 584 F.3d 859, 864 (10th Cir. 2009). Request for leave to amend a complaint "must give adequate notice to the district court and to the opposing party of the basis of the proposed amendment." Id. at 868 (denying pro se request for leave to amend where litigant failed to attach proposed amendment and did not explain how a proposed amendment would cure the deficiencies).
Here, plaintiff included a one-sentence request at the end of each response to defendants' motions to dismiss. Not only did the request fail to explain why an amendment would cure deficiencies in the pleadings - it failed to identify any deficiency. Plaintiff neither filed a separate motion for leave to amend, nor provided a proposed amended complaint. Even liberally construed, the request ...