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United States v. Perez

United States District Court, Tenth Circuit

July 10, 2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
EDGARDO PEREZ, Defendant.

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

MONTI L. BELOT, District Judge.

This case is before the court on a sentencing issue. The court has considered the parties' sentencing memoranda (Docs. 324, 326) and on July 1, 2013, the court held an evidentiary hearing.

In Count 17 of First Superseding Indictment (Doc. 79), defendant, along with three other individuals, was charged with possession with intent to distribute approximately 6 kilograms of cocaine. The indictment alleged that the offense occurred beginning on or about September 19, 2010 and continuing through September 21, 2010.

Eventually a plea was negotiated and defendant pled guilty to a one-count Information (Doc. 308) charging that on or about September 18, 2010, he used a telephone to commit the offenses of conspiracy to distribute, conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute, possession with intent to distribute, distribution of controlled substances and attempt to do so all in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 843(b).

Defendant entered into a plea agreement which set forth the following factual basis:

On September 18, 2010, the defendant, Edgardo Perez, used a communication facility (a cellular telephone) to place a phone call to co-defendant Juan Padilla (referred to as Call #1162 on phone XXX-XXX-XXXX). Mr. Padilla was in Wichita, Kansas, at the time that he (Mr. Padilla) received the call.
At that time, the defendant and Mr. Padilla engaged in a conversation during which the men planned the defendant's trip to Kansas in order to purchase a truck. The truck was connected to Mr. Padilla's drug trafficking activities. The defendant admits that the purchase of the truck by the defendant would have facilitated Mr. Padilla's drug trafficking activities.
The defendant admits that he has learned the Mr. Padilla's drug trafficking activities constitute felony drug offenses pursuant to Title 21 of the United States Code.

(Doc. 310).

The plea agreement also provided that the sentencing guidelines would be utilized to determine the advisory guideline range but that "... the parties advised the court that each will make a recommendation at the time of sentencing that each party believes is appropriate and warranted under the facts and circumstances of the case, and 18 U.S.C. § 3553." The government agreed to recommend that the quantity of cocaine used to determine the guideline range would be between 2 and 3½ kilograms. Finally, the plea agreement contained boilerplate language regarding relevant conduct and defendant's understanding that "... conduct charged in any dismissed counts of the indictment may be considered as well as all other uncharged related criminal activity as relevant conduct for purposes of calculating the offense level for Count One, in accordance with United States Sentencing Guidelines (U.S.S.G.) § IB1.3." However, defendant was not charged in any other count in the First Superseding Indictment. Nor, as it turned out, was there any relevant conduct.

When the presentence report was prepared, the base offense level was calculated using § 2D1.6 of the guidelines. The PSR stated, in pertinent part:

The defendant is believed to have been involved with approximately 6 kilograms of cocaine between September 19, 2010 and September 20, 2010. The government believes the defendant is responsible for 2 to 3½ kilograms of cocaine. Application Note 5 of USSG §2D1.1 states that where there is no drug seizure or the amount seized does not reflect the scale of the offense, the court shall approximate the quantity of the controlled substance. Therefore, using a conservative estimate, the defendant is being held accountable for distributing at last 3 kilograms of cocaine. As such, a base offense level of 28 is established. USSG §2D1.1(c)(6).

The defendant was given credit for acceptance of responsibility which reduced his total offense level to 25. There was no relevant conduct enhancement. Applying defendant's criminal history category I, his guideline sentence in the PSR was 57-71 months, well above the statutory cap of 48 months.

Defendant objected to the probation officer's calculation of the base offense level. Summarized, defendant objected to any amount of cocaine being considered for purposes of calculating the base offense level but he offered no suggestion as to how a base offense level should be calculated using the methodology of the guidelines. Thereafter, however, in his sentencing memorandum, defendant suggested that a base offense level of 12 be applied using the Application Note to §2D1.6. Giving defendant credit for acceptance of responsibility reduced the base offense level to 10 resulting in a 6-12 month guideline sentence. Since ...


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