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UMB Bank, N.A. v. KANZA Bank

United States District Court, Tenth Circuit

June 7, 2013

UMB BANK, N.A., Plaintiff,
KANZA BANK, Defendant.



This matter is currently before the Court pursuant to the Trustee’s Motion for Directed Reference to the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Kansas (Doc. 44). The matter is fully briefed and the Court is prepared to rule. As set forth more fully below, the Court finds that the motion should be granted.

I. Background

Plaintiff, UMB Bank, N.A., as Trustee (“Trustee”) under the Indenture dated January 1, 2005 (the “Indenture”), filed its Complaint against defendant KANZA Bank (“Defendant”), for resolution of an existing dispute concerning the alleged demand by the Defendant that the Trustee pay it, to the detriment of other bond owners, the outstanding principal amount of certain Healthcare Facility Revenue Bonds owned by the Defendant after the occurrence of an event of default by the obligor under the Indenture under which the bonds were issued.[1] The Trustee seeks a declaratory judgment to determine whether payment by the Trustee to the Defendant is required by the Indenture and seeks reimbursement of fees and expenses as required by the Indenture. Defendant filed an Answer and Counterclaims, including counts for breach of contract, declaratory judgment, breach of fiduciary duty and breach of trust pursuant to the Kansas Uniform Trust Code.[2] Neither party demanded a jury trial and the case is scheduled for trial to the court.[3] Both parties consented to have a United States magistrate judge conduct all proceedings in this case.[4] On November 15, 2012, the Trustee filed its “Suggestion of Bankruptcy, ” informing the Court that Southwind Hospice, Inc. (“Debtor”) filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Kansas, Case No. 12-23053.[5] The Suggestion of Bankruptcy further alleges that:

counsel for the Debtor has taken the position that the funds at issue in this case, now being held by Plaintiff in the Debt Service Fund and in the Debt Service Reserve Fund, are property of the bankruptcy estate and are subject to the jurisdiction of the Bankruptcy Court. Debtor’s counsel further advises that it is Debtor’s contention that further action in the above-captioned proceeding is stayed pursuant to Section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code as of the Petition Date (the “Automatic Stay”). Any action taken with respect to the above-described Funds without obtaining relief from the Automatic Stay from the Bankruptcy Court would as a result be void ab initio and could be subject to findings of contempt and assessment of penalties and fines, as appropriate.[6]

The Trustee then filed the instant motion to refer this matter to the Bankruptcy Court.[7]

II. Discussion

“District courts have jurisdiction to hear ‘all civil proceedings arising under title 11, or arising in or related to cases under title 11.’”[8] In turn, 28 U.S.C. § 157(a) allows the district courts to refer such matters to the bankruptcy courts.[9] The Tenth Circuit has noted that:

“Bankruptcy judges may hear and determine all cases under title 11 and all core proceedings arising under title 11, or arising in a case under title 11 . . . and may enter appropriate orders and judgments, subject to review” by the district court or the bankruptcy appellate panel. . . . In addition, “[a] bankruptcy judge may hear a proceeding that is not a core proceeding but that is otherwise related to a case under title 11, ” in which situations the bankruptcy court submits proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law to assist the district court to make a final decision.[10]

This Court must determine whether this case is “related to” the bankruptcy case, thus warranting reference of this matter to the Bankruptcy Court. The Tenth Circuit has adopted the “conceivable effect” test for determining whether a civil proceeding “relates to” a bankruptcy case:

“[T]he test for determining whether a civil proceeding is related in bankruptcy is whether the outcome of that proceeding could conceivably have any effect on the estate being administered in bankruptcy.” . . . Although the proceeding need not be against the debtor or his property, the proceeding is related to the bankruptcy if the outcome could alter the debtor's rights, liabilities, options, or freedom of action in any way, thereby impacting on the handling and administration of the bankruptcy estate.[11]

This case involves bonds that were issued pursuant to the Indenture.[12] Payment of the bonds was secured in part by a pledge and assignment of interest in a lease in which Debtor was the tenant. Defendant owns bonds in the amount of $100, 000, which were scheduled to mature on January 1, 2010. Bonds owned by Bondholders other than Defendant were also scheduled to mature on January 1, 2010, and at various times after that date. Debtor’s lease payments were to be used as payment on the outstanding bonds. Debtor has defaulted under the lease and failed to make required lease payments.

The parties dispute whether the Trustee was required on January 1, 2010, to pay the outstanding principal and interest on the bonds owned by Defendant. The Trustee argues that it owes an equal duty to all Bondholders to act for the benefit of all, and further maintains that it has discretion to retain funds as a matter of fundamental fairness to all Bondholders, citing the following provision in the Indenture dealing with the application of money received after the Debtor defaulted under the lease:

Whenever moneys are to be applied by the Issuer or the Trustee pursuant to the provisions of this Section, such moneys shall be applied at such times, and from time to time, as the Trustee in its sole discretion determines, having due regard to the amount of such moneys available for application and the ...

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