The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sam A. Crow U.S. Senior District Judge
This matter is a Bivens-type civil rights action filed by a prisoner in federal custody. Plaintiff proceeds pro se and moves to proceed in forma pauperis.
The motion to proceed in forma pauperis
This motion is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b). Because plaintiff is a prisoner, he must pay the full filing fee in installment payments taken from his prison trust account when he "brings a civil action or files an appeal in forma pauperis[.]" § 1915(b)(1). Pursuant to § 1915(b)(1), the court must assess, and collect when funds exist, an initial partial filing fee calculated upon the greater of (1) the average monthly deposit in his account or (2) the average monthly balance in the account for the six-month period preceding the filing of the complaint. Thereafter, the plaintiff must make monthly payments of twenty percent of the preceding month's income in his institutional account. § 1915(b)(2). However, a prisoner shall not be prohibited from bringing a civil action or appeal because he has no means to pay the initial partial filing fee. § 1915(b)(4).
The court has examined the financial records submitted by the plaintiff and finds the average monthly deposit is $29.00, and the average daily balance is $24.55. The court therefore assesses an initial partial filing fee of $5.50, twenty percent of the average monthly deposit, rounded to the lower half dollar.
A federal court must conduct a preliminary review of any case in which a prisoner seeks relief against a governmental entity or an officer or employee of such an entity. See 28 U.S.C. §1915A(a). Following this review, the court must dismiss any portion of the complaint that is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary damages from a defendant who is immune from that relief. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).
To avoid a dismissal for failure to state a claim, a complaint must set out factual allegations that "raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). The court accepts the well-pleaded allegations in the complaint as true and construes them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Id. However, "when the allegations in a complaint, however, true, could not raise a [plausible] claim of entitlement to relief," the matter should be dismissed. Id. at 558.
Pleadings filed by a pro se litigant must be liberally construed. Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007). However, a court need not accept "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause action supported by mere conclusory statements." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, ___, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009).
It appears plaintiff has been in custody at all relevant times. The complaint states that in May 2010,he went to the prison medical department seeking attention for stomach pain and rectal bleeding.
While he received treatment, he was not referred to an outside hospital for approximately 18 months, during which time a mass grew, eventually requiring the removal of his colon in December 2011. Plaintiff claims that earlier treatment would have prevented these complications.
Prison officials violate the Eighth Amendment when they are deliberately indifferent to a prisoner's serious medical needs. Sealock v. Colorado, 218 F.3d 1205, 1209 (10th Cir. 2000). A delay in medical care violates the Eighth Amendment when the delay results in significant harm. Oxedine v. R.G. Kaplan, M.D., 421 F.3d 1272, 1276 (10th Cir. 2001). "Delays that courts have found to violate the Eighth Amendment have frequently involved life-threatening situations and instances in which it is apparent that delay would exacerbate the prisoner's medical problems." Hunt v. Uphoff, 199 F.3d 1220, 1224 (10th Cir. 1999).
The court finds plaintiff's allegations are sufficient to require a responsive pleading.
Personal participation by a defendant is an essential allegation in a Bivens action. See Kite v. Kelley, 546 F.2d 334, 338 (1976). Because it is unclear what personal participation plaintiff alleges by defendants Vasa and Conner, private physicians at hospitals outside the prison, ...